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View from , 19 hours, 38 minutes ago

The work was realized through the integration of data and information collected during several projects. The available data consist of morpho-bathymetric data (multibeam) associated with morphoacoustic (backscatter) data, collected in the depth range -25 to -700 m. Extensive coverage of high-resolution seismic profiles (Chirp 3.5 kHz) were acquired along the continental shelf. Surface sediment samples (Van Veen grab and box corer) and vibrocores were collected. These data allowed the mapping of the submerged sand deposits with the determination of their thickness and volumes, and their sedimentological characteristics.

View from , 6 months, 2 weeks ago

S.3 In questo strato è prevista l'archiviazione degli elaborati interpretativi dei dati acquisiti. I dettaglio degli elaborati interpretativi relativi ai siti in studio è funzionale alla scala utile allo studio dei processi evolutivi. I Livelli che lo compongono racchiudono i vari tematismi interpretativi funzionali al progetto: Il primo (S.3.1) riporta la distinzione degli ambienti deposizionali complessivi di spiaggia e piattaforma. Il secondo (S.3.2.) riporta l'elaborazione dei dati geologici in forma cartografica con l'individuazione dei substrati e le distinzioni litologiche dei fondi mobili. Il terzo livello (S.3.3) riporta le interpolazioni delle analisi sedimentologiche nell'ambiente dinamico della spiaggia. Anche in questo caso è necessario creare dei sottolivelli temporali che saranno il sunto interpretativo dei dati di monitoraggio topografico e sedimentologico Il quarto livello (S.3.4) riporta le interpretazioni geomorfologiche desunte dai dati sedimentologici, morfobatimetrici e ove presenti morfoacustici. La scelta degli elementi da cartografare porrà enfasi alle forme di fondo ed emerse che hanno un significato primario nella comprensione evolutiva dei vari sistemi di spiaggia. Il quinto livello (S.3.5) riporta la mappatura delle biocenosi presenti; i dati possono essere sintetizzati da progetti pregressi realizzati da altri enti e da ulteriori dati inediti acquisiti.

View from , 1 year, 3 months ago

Biogenic sediments from coastal ecosystems to beach–dune systems: implications for the adaptation of mixed and carbonate beaches to future sea level rise Coastal ecosystems produce and store carbonate particles, which play a significant role in the carbonate dynamics of coastal areas and may contribute to the sediment budget of adjacent beaches. In the nearshore seabed of temperate zones (e.g. Mediterranean Sea and South Australia), marine biogenic carbonates are mainly produced inside seagrass meadows. This study quantifies the contribution of biogenic sediments, mainly produced in Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows and secondarily in photophilic algal communities, to the sediment budget of a Mediterranean beach– dune system (San Giovanni beach, western Sardinia, western Mediterranean Sea). A set of geophysical, petrographic and sedimentological data was used to estimate the sediment volume and composition of the beach–dune system as a whole. The San Giovanni beach–dune system contains 3 797 000 ± 404 000 t of sediment, 83 % (3 137 000 ± 404 000 t) of which is located in the coastal wedge, 16 % (619 000 ± 88 000 t) in the dune fields and 1 % (41 000 ± 15 000 t) in the subaerial beach. The sediments are composed of mixed modern bioclastic and relict bioclastic and non-bioclastic grains from various sources. The system receives a large input of modern bioclastic grains, mainly composed of rhodophytes, molluscs and bryozoans, which derive from sediment production of present-day carbonate factories, particularly P. oceanica seagrass meadows. Radiocarbon dating of modern bioclastic grains indicated that they were produced during the last 4.37 kyr. This value was used to estimate the longterm deposition rates of modern bioclastic sediments in the various beach compartments. The total deposition rate of modern bioclastic grains is 46 000±5000 t century−1 , mainly deposited in the coastal wedge (39 000 ± 4 000 t century−1 ) and dunes (7000±1000 t century−1 ), and 46 000 t represents ∼ 1.2 % of the total beach–dune sediment mass. Carbonate production from coastal ecosystems was estimated to be 132 000/307 000 t century−1 , 28 % (15 % / 34 %) of which is transported to the beach–dune system, thus significantly contributing to the beach sediment budget. The contribution to the beach sediment budget represents a further ecosystem service, which our data can help quantify, provided by P. oceanica. The value of this sedimentsupply service is in addition to the other important ecological services provided by seagrass meadows. The dependence of the beach sediment budget on carbonate production associated with coastal ecosystems has several implications for the adaptation of mixed and carbonate beaches to the loss of seagrass meadows due to local impacts and the changes expected to occur over the next few decades in coastal ecosystems following sea level rise.